Pollen size variation in selected grass taxa by Louis H. Bragg

Cover of: Pollen size variation in selected grass taxa | Louis H. Bragg

Published by Ecological Society of America? in [Tempe, Ariz.? .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Grasses -- Physiology.

Edition Notes

Book details

Other titlesEcology. Vol. 50, no. 1.
Statementby Louis H. Bragg.
The Physical Object
PaginationP. [124]-127 :
Number of Pages127
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20867574M

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Variation in pollen size in transplanted clones of four widespread prairie grasses was correlated geographically. Pubescent, non—glaucous clones of Andropogon gerardi Vitman, Andropogon scoparius Michx., and Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash, as well as non—glaucous clones of Panicum virgatum L.

from eastern Texas, had larger pollen grains than non—pubescent, glaucous clones of these species Cited by: pollen grains, shape, type of aperture and ultrastructure of the intine show a remarkable uniformity in the family.

Nevertheless there is variety in pollen size, ornamentation and the ultrastructure of the exine. The pollen of Magnoliaceae is an example of an early trend of. The size and variability of pollen of 40 grasses growing on the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station Farm were studied in and Composite samples of each grass pollen were collected and stored in glycerine-alcohol solution.

Measurements of pollen diameters were Cited by:   The variation of grain size is rather high ranging from Pollen size variation in selected grass taxa book μm as shown by the single outlier value of this data set.

The median value of μm for the Campos pollen grains is considerably smaller compared to Páramo. The pollen grain size ranges from to μm, the latter being accounted for by three outlying by: The pollen grain size variation at genus level is mostly high (Joly et al.

; Salgado-Labouriau and Rinaldi a). Woody Bambusoideae were thought to have per-sistently large pollen grains ([ μm) (Salgado-Labouriau and Rinaldi a), but this however has been disproved when considering a higher number of taxa (Bush, personal Cited by: PRELIMINARY RESULTS FROM POLLEN ANALYSES OF SELECTED SAMPLES FROM LEG Linda E.

Heusser2 and Joseph J. Morley2 ABSTRACT The results from preliminary analyses of 50 samples from Sites, and show variations in pollen assemblages that pollen is present from warm-subtropical taxa that are now extinct in Japan, as are small. Variation in the start of the grass pollen season at selected sites in the united kingdom – Grana: Vol.

33, No. 2, pp. Pollen morphology and its relationship to taxonomy of the genus Sarracenia (Sarraceniaceae) W. Oswald P 1,2 P, E. Doughty P 2 P, G. Ne’eman P 3 P, R. Ne’eman P 4 P, and A. Ellison P 2.

P P P P 1 PScience Program, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Emerson College, Boston, MA 2 P Harvard Forest, Harvard University, North Main Street, Petersham, MA. The basis of aerobiological studies is to monitor airborne pollen concentrations and pollen season timing. This task is performed by appropriately trained staff and is difficult and time consuming.

The goal of this research is to select morphological characteristics of grains that are the most discriminative for distinguishing between birch, hazel and alder taxa and are easy to determine. Variation in grain size is used in some taxa as a key distinguishing feature (e.g.

tree birch versus dwarf birch, wild grasses versus cultivated grasses), although these preliminary results suggest that further investigation of the variation in grain size between plants of the same species growing in geographically separate regions is needed to.

As can be seen in the bright-field images (Fig. 1), the dry pollen grains from the five different grass species Pollen size variation in selected grass taxa book similar in size and morphology. In general, grass pollen is characterized by a. role that pollen size plays in postpollination sexual selection and how additive genetic variation is maintained for pollen size in natural populations.

Given that pollen size appears to harbor within-species addi-tive genetic variation, and if pollen size is correlated with siring success during pollen competition as we argue above, this trait.

Note that, in Europe, grass pollen is the most important pollen allergen due to both its large distribution in Europe (Skjøth et al., ) and its recorded high sensitisation rates among patients (Burbach et al., ).

The final group of taxa looked at fall into the category of ‘weeds'. Owing to substantial variation in the nutritional value of various pollen sources (Roulston and CaneTasei and Aupinel ), bees may show greater selectivity for pollen than nectar (Wcislo and CaneCane and Sipes ), making research on pollen consumption an understudied priority for landscape biology (Harmon-ThreattDavis.

The nitrogen treatment did not affect the number of staminate flowers per plant but did have an effect on the number of pollen grains per staminate flower and the mean pollen grain size.

A pollen. 1 INTRODUCTION. Pollen from birch and other related trees of the families Betulaceae and Fagaceae are the most dominant tree pollen types found in Northern and Central Europe and are a major cause of allergic rhinitis and, possibly, asthma symptoms.

The broad cross‐reactivity 4, 5 and sequential pollen seasons of birch‐related allergens 6 prolong the period of allergic symptoms for. Pollen counts of the 19 taxa used in REVEALS represent –% (mean %) of the total terrestrial pollen counted, whereas the 14 taxa used in LOVE represent –% (mean %).

Nearly 50% of the variation in the dataset is reflected along the first PCA axis (Fig. 5), separating pine‐dominated sites from sites with deciduous. pollen size due to sedimentary conditions as well as laborat- ory treatment should be taken into account.

Due to the uncontrollable influence of fossilisation, pollen size may vary from sample to sample in addition to the variation in size between fossil and modern pollen. Thus, absolute size.

Pollen tubes grown in media were longer for second flowers, but were not correlated with the mean size of pollen grains, suggesting that (1) internal resource content of pollen (i.e., carbohydrates plus lipids) was not associated with the hydrated size of pollen, and that (2) pollen.

Pollen germination in vitro is a reliable method to test the pollen viability. It also addresses many basic questions in sexual reproduction and particularly useful in wide hybridization. Many pollen germination medium ranging from simple sugars to complex one having vitamins, growth regulators, etc.

in addition to various minerals have been standardized to germinate pollen artificially. This aim of this study was to distinguish grasslands from forests in southern Brazil by analyzing Poaceae pollen grains. Through light microscopy analysis, we measured the size of the pollen grain, pore, and annulus from 68 species of Rio Grande do Sul.

Measurements were recorded of 10 forest species and 58 grassland species, representing all tribes of the Poaceae in Rio Grande do Sul. As mentioned earlier, this is a pilot study into further clarifying the size and shape variation between two morphologically similar taxa using automatically generated imagery, and testing the usefulness of selected geometric parameters in distinguishing the pollen types.

Therefore, we selected and characterized a list of plants pollinated by insects in the Grigna Settentrionale Regional Park, including rare and endemic taxa, at the molecular level. The list was used to assemble a reference database of DNA barcoding sequences for taxonomic identification of pollen.

This study aims to estimate relative pollen productivity (PPEs) of major pollen types and the relevant source area of pollen (RSAP) in a semi-open landscape in western Norway.

Extended R-value (ERV) models are used to analyse a data set consisting of surface pollen assemblages from 34 lakes and vegetation survey around each site. Pollen size variation in selected grass taxa. Ecology. ;–7. Article Google Scholar Giddings GD, Sackville Hamilton NR, Hayward MD. The release of genetically modified grasses.

Part 1: pollen dispersal to traps in Lolium perenne. Theor Appl Genet. ;–6. To a tree or a flowering plant, pollen is necessary for life. But to millions of Americans, it is a source of seasonal misery. Pollen, a fine to coarse powdery substance, is created by certain plants as part of their reproduction process.

It can appear from trees in the spring. Emberlin J, Jones S, Bailey J, Caulton E, Corden J, Dubbels S, Evans J, McDonagh N, Millington W, Mullins J, Russel R, Spencer T.

Variation in the start of the grass pollen season at selected sites in the United Kingdom – Grana. ; – doi: / Standardized Grass Pollen Description.

The grass pollens available in standardized form are: Bermuda Grass (Cynodon dactylon), Orchard Grass (Dactylis glomerata), Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne), Timothy Grass (Phleum pratense), Redtop Grass (Agrostis alba), Kentucky Bluegrass (Poa pratensis), Meadow Fescue (Festuca elatior), and Sweet Vernalgrass (Anthoxanthum odoratum).

Pollen size was variable among the species. It was observed that the pollen grain of Cassia occidentalis was smaller in size () u m and pollen grain of Dalbergia sissoo was larger in size () u m in equatorial diameter where as in polar view the size ranged from 28 () u m to () u m.

Identifying plant taxa that honey bees (Apis mellifera) forage upon is of great apicultural interest, but traditional methods are labor intensive and may lack resolution. Here we evaluate a high-throughput genetic barcoding approach to characterize trap-collected pollen from multiple North Dakota apiaries across multiple years.

We used the Illumina MiSeq platform to generate sequence scaffolds. As concern about declining pollinator populations mounts, it is important to understand the range of insect taxa that provide pollination services.

We use pollen transport information acquired over three years in two habitats at Badlands National Park, South Dakota, USA, to compare probabilities of pollen transport among insect taxa and between sexes of bees.

Sampling was conducted on 1-ha. Although few grass taxa were represented, these studies neverthe- less collectively demonstrated that within microsporangia of the Poaceae there is an unusual anatomical association: at every stage of development, all prepollen cells and pollen grains remain in physical contact with the tapetum, the presumably nutritive single cell layer that.

Buy Comparative External Pollen Ultrastructure of the Araceae and Putatively Related Taxa (Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden) on FREE SHIPPING on qualified ordersAuthor: Michael Howard Grayum.

the percentage of total pollen for each taxa (pollen type) and the Y (vertical) axis displays the age of the sedi-ments and their depth of the sediment core.

Pollen diagrams are read from the bottom upwards with an eye toward dramatic shifts in the relative abundance of key pollen types or taxa. Quantitative relationships between modern pollen rain and climate in the Tibetan Plateau Caiming Shen a,b,⁎, Kam-biu Liu a, Lingyu Tang b, Jonathan T.

Overpeck c a Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LAUSA b Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Academia Sinica, 39 East Beijing Road, Nanjing,People's Republic of China.

Much of this variation is attributable to variation among taxa in grain size and shape ([ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 3A OMITTED]; see also Jackson, fig.

For example, the lowest sedimentation velocities are for small, spheroidal pollen grains (Urtica, Ambrosia, Juniperus, Artemisia), and the highest are for large grains (Pseudotsuga.

Asthma hospitalizations were significantly associated with hornbeam, birch and grass pollen concentrations, but not with concentrations of other pollen or fungal spore taxa (Table 3). The change in hospitalizations for an interquartile range increase in pollen concentrations was % (95% CI:), % (95% CI:) and % (95% CI.

Online pollen diaries and mobile applications nowadays allow easy and fast documentation of pollen allergy symptoms.

Such crowd-sourced symptom data provides insights into the development and the onset of a pollen allergy. Hitherto studies of the symptom load index (SLI) showed a discrepancy between the SLI and the total pollen amount of a season, but did not analyze the daily.

well the seasonal variation of the burden of pollen allergy sufferers. Conclusion: More than just the seasonal pollen index has to be considered when the SLI of a selected pollen season has to be explained.

Cross-reactivity to other pollen types, allergen content and air pollution could play a considerable role. Pollen analysis has been a central part of coprolite research from the earliest studies in North America (Martin and Sharrock, ).

For most of the history of coprolite pollen research, pollen data have been pre­ sented as percentage expression of pollen taxa pres­. Pollen. Posted on: Sep 7 By: AENT Associates Grass Pollens Begin Second Phase of Allergy Season. Once the tree pollens have kicked off the spring allergy season, it’s time for phase two of nature’s three-step pollination cycle to spring into high gear.Table 1 summarizes the measurements of pollen grains from the taxa examined.

Light micrographs of Silene species are presented in Figure Size: The size of pollen grains of the species of Silene ranges from µm to is great variation in size of the pollen grains. The lake sediments of Hässeldala Port in south-east Sweden provide an archive of local and regional environmental conditions ~– ka BP (thousand years before present) and allow testing DNA sequencing techniques to reconstruct past vegetation changes.

We combined shotgun sequencing with plant micro- and macrofossil analyses to investigate sediments dating to the Allerød .

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